Cholesterol – There are many cholesterol-lowering drugs. Usually, cholesterol-lowering drugs begin to function to treat cholesterol levels in the blood that are too high. As for cholesterol in the blood that is not too high, it can be done naturally, such as diet, exercise, and weight loss.
Patients with high cholesterol are advised to combine activities with the consumption of supplements or selected drugs according to doctor’s instructions. In the use of cholesterol drugs, high cholesterol sufferers should still first have to do a strict diet and exercise optimally.
Cholesterol medicine is only an alternative if the way to lower cholesterol naturally cannot reach the target. The reason is, most cases of high cholesterol are reported to have been adequately resolved with optimal diet and exercise arrangements. Only a small proportion of sufferers still need additional cholesterol drugs.
Cholesterol-lowering drug options
Launched the book Care Yourself, Cholesterol (2008) by dr. Sri Nilawati, SpKO, et al., There are several types of cholesterol drugs that can be used to improve cholesterol levels in the body. These drugs basically have 3 goals, namely:
Lowering bad cholesterol or low-density lipoprotein (LDL) levels
Increase levels of good cholesterol or high-density lipoprotein (HDL)
Lowering triglyceride (blood fat) levels
Here are some cholesterol drugs to choose from:
1. Niacin cholesterol drug (vitamin B3)
Niacin can be used as a cholesterol drug to raise very low HDL levels. The use of this cholesterol drug in the right dosage is reported to increase HDL levels by up to 20 percent. In addition, niacin is also effective in lowering triglyceride levels in the blood.
2. Statin cholesterol drugs
Statins are often available in the market, such as lovastatin, simvastatin, fluvastatin, and antrovastatin. The way this cholesterol drug works is by preventing the production of enzymes in the liver that produce cholesterol. Thus, it is hoped that LDL production will decrease.
Statins have even been reported to reduce LDL by 20-40 percent and increase HDL by 5% -10%. Interestingly, research results show that statins can also reduce the likelihood of clotting. The dosage required to use this cholesterol drug is relatively small.
3. Cholesterol drug resins
Resins are also known as bile acid binding. This type of cholesterol drug works in the intestines by binding to bile acids (bile acids) which carry cholesterol. Thus, resins are expected to increase cholesterol removal and reduce the amount of cholesterol in the liver.
This cholesterol drug makes more LDL receptors which are responsible for capturing LDL from the blood, so that blood cholesterol decreases. Resins medicine consists of two types, namely cholestin and questran which are useful for lowering cholesterol by 15% -30%,
4. Cholesterol drugs Nocotinic acids (NA)
This cholesterol drug works in the liver to affect the production of fat in the blood. NA can be used to lower triglycerides, LDL, and simultaneously increase HDL. The decrease in LDL can reach 15-30 percent and the increase in HLD can reach 10-15 percent.
5. Gemfribozil cholesterol drug
Gemfribozil is a cholesterol drug that can lower blood lipid levels. One type is lopid, which can increase HDL by 8% -15%. Meanwhile, LDL will be lowered moderately.
6. Cholesterol drug Clofibrate
Clofibrate can be used to increase HDL by 10% -15% and lower triglycerides. The way this cholesterol drug works is similar to gemfribozil.
7. The cholesterol drug Probucol
Probucol (Lorelco) can sometimes be used as an LDL cholesterol-lowering drug. The problem is, these drugs can also lower HDL. Probucol is an antioxidant preparation.
8. Arginine cholesterol drug
Arginine is a type of amino acid that can be used as a cholesterol-lowering drug and improves coronary blood flow. This cholesterol drug acts as an antioxidant and maintains elasticity in the blood vessel tissue. Argini is available without a prescription.
9. Cholesterol drug Coenzym Q10
Coenzym Q10 is a very powerful antioxidant and is very popular with practitioners in Japan and Europe.
10. Cholesterol Absorption Inhibitors
Launching the Mayo Clinic, ezetimibe is the first lipid-lowering drug that can inhibit cholesterol absorption from the diet and bile cholesterol without affecting the absorption of fat-soluble nutrients. This drug can be used as a drug lowering LDL cholesterol and triglycerides and slightly increases HDL.
Things that need to be considered in the consumption of cholesterol-lowering drugs
The use of cholesterol drugs must be done carefully.
The consumption of drugs in inappropriate doses and placement can actually be dangerous.
It is important to always consult with your doctor before taking various cholesterol medications.
Even in receiving a prescription from a doctor, the patient must be able to observe the drug properly.
The things that must be considered related to the use of cholesterol-lowering drugs, namely:
Pay attention to the name of the cholesterol-lowering drug given, whether or not the interaction between the drug will have a positive effect on the drug being eaten
Pay attention to cholesterol drugs and other drugs that are currently being consumed
Pay attention to the time schedule for using cholesterol drugs
Pay attention to the side effects of cholesterol drugs that may arise
Are there activities that should not be done while taking cholesterol-lowering drugs, for example driving a carFor some time, cholesterol-lowering drugs must be taken. read another article in patienthelp.info